On 11 October 2021, the Real Property Amendment (Certificates of Title) Act 2021 commenced, which abolished the Certificates of Title (CTs) and the control of the right to deal (CoRD) framework. All existing CTs have been cancelled and CTs will no longer be issued. Existing CTs will not need to be produced, and CoRD holder consent will not be required, for a dealing or plan to be registered. All existing Guidelines subject to this change are currently being reviewed and will be updated to reflect these changes. For further information regarding the abolition of CTs, please see https://www.registrargeneral.nsw.gov.au/property-and-conveyancing/eConveyancing/abolition-of-certificates-of-title


Vertical subdivision

The subdivision of land into lots where boundaries extend from the centre of the earth, through the earths surface to infinity. The plan represents the parcel at the earth's surface.

Stratum subdivision

The division of land into layers which, when superimposed one upon the other, form the whole of the parcel(s) subdivided. 

Stratum lot

A parcel restricted in height and/or depth by reference to Australian Height Datum (AHD) or other datum approved by the Surveyor General.

AHD - Australian Height Datum

Is a system of control points for height based on a network of levelling measurements that covered the whole of Australia and was fitted to mean sea level, as measured at tide gauges distributed around the Australian coast, over a period 1968-1970 see clause 5 Surveying and Spatial Information Regulation 2018.

There are several other datums that may be used by surveyors from time to time. In the case where a surveyor does adopt a different height datum the datum used must be clearly identified. See Acceptable Australian Height Datums diagram (GIF 19 KB).

Reduced level

The relative height of a point in relation to a known datum.

Bench Mark

A survey mark used to establish the relative height of a stratum boundary - measured as a Reduced Level AHD.

Subdivision Certificate

Stratum subdivisions must have a subdivision certificate.

Residue lots

When a stratum subdivision affects part of a lot in a current plan, the residue lot must be shown in accordance with clause 25 Conveyancing (General) Regulation 2018.